Many wars have happened in the world throughout the years. These wars have affected the world for a long time. They brought a lot of problems to the countries where they occurred, and that’s something wars usually do from economic and social to legal and political problems.
But despite all of this, they have also lead to many advances, some of them related to the world of aviation. These advances have really changed the way we travel through the air. These advances might have happened during the World War I and the World War II, or in between. Here is a list of some things present in wars that affected aviation.
The Air Combat Begins
Before World War I, there was no aerial combat, the fight was done only by land or sea, but not air. This caused the death of many soldiers, so the expected results were not obtained, meaning that they did not reach their war objectives.
This happened until the World War I, where the French aviator Roland Garros attached a weapon to his plane and tested it. This test was successful. But it was not until the aviator Adolphe Pegoud who was also French, finally got recognized as the first one to use this technique in war, when he won 5 victories in combat. Sadly, he died a short time later in an air combat in Germany.
After everything that happened in World War I, the German soldiers still chose to create an aerial war machine called the Red Baron, which had weapons included to attack enemy targets. They created approximately 80 units and said units gave 75 victories in battle to Germany.
In 1915, other countries such as France, UK, and Italy began to take ideas from the Red Baron and to take more into account all about aerial aviation and arsenal.
Attendance between the Two World Wars
During these two wars, small airplanes were created from wood, there were also monoplanes made of aluminum, in addition to the fact that American inventors created the first rotary engine with the help of a Spanish inventor.
Then the first aviation schools were created, where they sought enthusiastic young people, who wanted to learn. They carried out a group training class called barnstormers, which took passengers for a walk between small towns and cities.
Traveling between countries was expensive, which meant that traveling by plane was only available to wealthy people. Traveling from distant countries, from Europe to America for example, were great achievements at that moment.
Countries and geographic locations such as Brazil, Portugal, the United States, Spain, Venezuela, the Caribbean, Australia, England, among many others, were included in the amazing trips of the time.
Great Changes in the Armament
During World War II, there were great advances regarding aerial armament, more updated and stronger aircraft were used by what at that time was a Nazi Germany.
They had aircraft with sophisticated weaponry ahead of the time, like radars, attack bombs, Figueras bombs, and armored glasses, there was also a turbojet plane called Heinkel He 178, which was the first with this system, used in 1939.
The British possessed their Gloster Meteor, a plane with the equal to the Heinkel, but in spite of being pretty good, it still had some flaws in contrast to the German.
One of these defects is that it did not have bomb carriers, so they had to create independent airplanes just for that, like the Arado Ar 234 and the Me 262.
All these situations and advances helped the aviation industry in general, this development would arise commercial aviation and all of its different branches.